Tag Archive for 'particulate matter'

Long term exposure to air pollution linked to heart attacks and angina

January 22nd, 2014 by British Medical Journal

Research conducted at the Department of Epidemiology in Rome, Italy and published in the paper ‘Long term exposure to ambient air pollution and incidence of acute coronary events’ on bmj.com suggests that long term exposure to particulate matter in outdoor air is strongly linked to heart attacks and angina, and this association persists at levels […]

Long-term exposure to low levels of air pollution increases lung cancer risk

July 11th, 2013 by The Lancet

According to one of the largest studies of its kind published in The Lancet Oncology, prolonged exposure to particulate air pollution increases the risk of lung cancer (particularly adenocarcinoma, a cancer that develops in a substantial number of non-smokers) even at levels below the European Union limit values. “At this stage, we might have to […]

Traffic pollution exposure in early life associated with autism risk

January 2nd, 2013 by University of Southern California

Exposure to traffic-related air pollution, particulate matter and nitrogen dioxide during pregnancy and during the first year of a child’s life appears to be associated with a more than two-fold risk of autism, according to research conducted by University of Southern California (USC) and Children’s Hospital Los Angeles scientists. Exposure to regional pollution consisting of […]

European air pollution reducing life expectancy by up to 2 years

September 25th, 2012 by European Environment Agency

Almost a third of Europe’s city dwellers are exposed to excessive concentrations of airborne particulate matter (PM), which is one of the most important pollutants in terms of harm to human health as it penetrates sensitive parts of the respiratory system. The EU has made progress over the past decades to reduce the air pollutants […]

Fine particulate matter air pollution raises risk of lung cancer death in never-smokers

October 31st, 2011 by American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

Long-term exposure to air pollution containing fine particles of soot, dirt, smoke and other materials causes a small but measurable increase in lung cancer among men and women who have never smoked, according to researchers in Canada and the United States, who studied the association between long-term exposure to fine particulate matter air pollution and […]

Road traffic is one of the main sources of fine particulate matter in the atmosphere

February 4th, 2011 by Empa

Road traffic is one of the main sources of fine particulate matter in the atmosphere, above all when the weather favours the creation of winter smog. Vehicle tailpipe emissions are responsible for just less than half of the fine particles.  The majority of this pollutant is produced by mechanical wear and resuspension of dust due […]