Europe leads the world in offshore wind energy & the UK leads Europe

January 28th, 2013 by The European Wind Energy Association

Rhyl Flats offshore wind farm about 8 km from Llandudno off the north coast of Wales (click image to expand - image ©Bruce Stokes published under Creative Commons License)

Europe installed and grid connected 293 offshore wind turbines in 2012, which brings the total to 1,662 turbines, in 55 offshore wind farms in ten European countries.

Number of offshore wind turbines fully grid connected by EU country in 2012 (click table to expand - table courtesy of the EWEA)

The 293 turbines installed in 2012 represent 1,165 Megawatts (MW), an increase of 33% compared to 2011 installations of 874 MW.

This brings total offshore wind energy capacity to 4,995 MW.

Total cumulative offshore wind turbines, wind farms and MW installed by the end of 2012 (click table to expand - table courtesy of the EWEA)

Overall, the UK remains the leader with nearly 60% of Europe’s total offshore capacity, followed by Denmark (18%), Belgium (8%) and Germany (6%).

“Offshore wind power is growing solidly”, said European Wind Energy Association (EWEA) Policy Director Justin Wilkes.

“But solid installation figures do not alter the fact that the wind industry is being hit by political and regulatory instability, the economic crisis, the higher cost of capital and austerity.”

EU cumulative and annual offshore wind turbine installed capacity in MW from 1993 to 2012 (click graph to expand - graph courtesy of EWEA)

Mr Wilkes said “Europe is a world leader in offshore wind energy and could be creating even more jobs if governments gave greater policy certainty to investors, and resolved grid connection problems.”

The turbines installed in 2012 represent investments of around €4 billion in offshore wind farms.

Offshore prospects for 2013 and 2014 are positive with 14 offshore projects under construction, due to increase installed capacity by a further 3,300 MW, and bring total offshore capacity in Europe to 8,300 MW.

 

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