September 11th, 2012 by Health Protection Agency
The UK’s Health Protection Agency has published a report about the risks to public health in the UK from climate change.
The study, Health Effects of Climate Change in the UK 2012, is an extensive update of the earlier report, Health effects of climate change in the UK published in 2001, and “Health effects of climate change in the UK 2008: an update of the Department of Health report 2001/2002” by the UK’s Department of Health.
Alongside a more detailed look at the effect of temperature rises on death rates in hot and cold spells, the scientists also investigated the effects a changing climate will have on pollen production, outdoor and indoor air pollution, floods, ultraviolet radiation, food, water and insect-borne diseases.
Dr David Heymann, Chairman of the Health Protection Agency, said “there is no doubt that climate change poses a wide range of challenges to public health in the UK.”
“From increased risks of heatwaves through to potentially greater exposure to air pollution, indoors and outdoors, and potential changes to established pollen seasons, there are many issues all of which need further research and attention if we are to adapt to, or mitigate the effects.”
“The UK’s Climate Change Risk Assessment published in January 2012 gave Government the information it needed to begin planning for the widespread effects that a changing climate could bring to the UK.”
“We are confident that this report will provide all Government departments with the further information they need to properly prioritise areas for future work and protect the UK public from the significant looming health challenges that climate change presents.”
This report, which uses the latest UK climate projections published in 2009, also includes a more detailed analysis of the effect rising temperatures will have on death rates in hot and cold spells.
Using new models, and taking population changes into account, the report predicts that by the 2080s there may be on average more than 12,000 heat related deaths a year in the UK – compared to about 2,000 a year now.
It also suggests that:
Professor Sir Andy Haines, the HPA Climate Change Chief, said “if we as a nation are to minimise the health effects of climate change in the UK, it is critical that we consider potential impacts on every aspect of life and invest in research to improve our understanding.
“This report shows that in the UK, climate change is likely to have a range of effects on health and that we can anticipate and prepare for some of these effects.”
“However it also suggests that well-designed policies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in sectors such as electricity generation or transport can have important ancillary benefits for health, for example by reducing particulate air pollution and increasing physical activity.”